chapter  17
10 Pages

Commodore Perry Challenges the Shogun — and Wins

ON THE 8 JULY 1853 the inhabitants of the port of Uraga in Edo Bay saw the appearance of the 'black ships', as foreign ships were called. Already in 1837 they had seen the Morrison, in 1845 the Mercator, in 1846 the Columbus and in 1849 the Preble. This time it was not an isolated ship, but two steam frigates and two fighting corvettes, whose size amazed and frightened them.