Waldo Frank, the Dark Mother
The Dark Mother (Boni & Liveright, 1920) is an early exampleperhaps the definitive one-of a novel in which two men are in love, but in which the homosexual nature of the relationship is never revealed. In The New Republic (December 29, 1929), Stark Young wrote one of the few complimentary reviews of the novel, remarking,
One thing Mr. Frank does do: he brings home to us anew in this book the very valuable reminder that there are vast areas of life that our literature has not yet known how to include. In that sense this novel in places may be called a creditable experiment in material.