chapter  9
18 Pages

Motherhood as a political strategy: the role of the Italian women's movement in the creation of the Cassa Nazionale di Maternita

By the time the Italian Parliament, on 17 July 1910, passed the law creating the Cassa Nazionale di Maternita (National Maternity Fund) for women factory workers obliged to stop working during the first month after childbirth, the women's political movement in its various ramifications had thirty years of practical and theoretical engagement in the issue of the relationship between motherhood, the state and women's citizenship. It was thus thoroughly equipped to judge how far the law met the needs of women, and how far it corresponded with the demands of the various women's organizations when pressing for the state to introduce legislation regarding working mothers.