Consciousness May Be Calmed
The ablatives all indicate the cause or origin: vififi3..r)ITpasama etc: "from calming (his) consciousness, the monk becomes (bhavati is implied) satisfied ..• "
The actions (sankhara) influence consciousness which accumulates their consequences and is transformed by them, so that the necessary conditions for a new birth are created. In this sense all suffering depends on consciousness. Suffering exists in consciousness, is a conscious fact. Therefore, suffering can cease only if consciousness will cease. The text mentions two expressions for this cessation: nirodha, ceasing, and upasama, appeasement. They both mean the same, because consciousness consists of a stream of processes. The method used in order to make consciousness calm and still, i e to stop the flow of the stream, is called samadhi; if this is successful and followed by complete insight and freedom from disturbing elements (asava), then nirvana is attained. Since consciousness then is free from all motivation for a change, no rebirth will be possible.