Opportunities and Insecurities: Globalisation, Localities and the Struggle for Urban Land in Manila
Although globalisation is, by definition, a process of world-wide integration its distribution is uneven, giving rise to a concentration of power and control and, thus, to the rise of centres. The advent of a world economy is, literally, taking place in major cities or metropolises. 'Cities serve as the nexus of the global society' [Knight and Gappert, 1989: 12]. A limited number of 'world cities' reap the lion's share of the economic benefits of globalisation [Sassen, 1991], but competition is becoming wider and fiercer. While world-wide networks are becoming close-meshed, the number of nodes is growing. Established centres like New York, London and Tokyo are facing the challenge of aspiring metropolises like Singapore and Kuala Lumpur for (at least regional) supremacy.