CIVPOL: The UN Instrument for Police Reform: Halvor Hartz
From the introduction of civilian police in Congo (1964) to the most recent mandate given by the December 1997 decision of the Security Council (SC),' the use of the police component has changed significantly, with CIVPOL becoming increasingly sophisticated and taking on a greater degree of responsibility. Both needs and expectations have changed. This is reflected in the different mandates, especially with the advent of 'secondgeneration' peacekeeping operations, beginning with the operation in Namibia in 1989. Over a timespan of more than three decades, CIVPOL has been a part of over 15 peacekeeping operations, on four continents. It has formed monitoring units ranging in size from 26 monitors to approximately 3,500 drawn from more than 50 UN member-states.