Town foundation in Roman Italy 300–30 BC
The urban history of Italy has been dominated by the foundation of colonies by the Roman state. Few accounts consider other forms of urbanisation that probably created a far greater number of towns overall. The need to consider the alternatives to the colonial foundation and in particular fora has a particular relevance to the study of roads, since these settlements tend to appear on the major routes of Italy. The chapter provides a counter to the much studied subject of colonial foundations that have a greater prominence in our source material (see Salmon 1969 for overview). What I wish to show is that we need to consider alternative explanations to those of colonisation in our discussion of the creation of a landscape of cities in Italy from the fourth to the first centuries BC.