chapter  7
29 Pages

Schools and Administration in Comparative Context: James H. Williams

Anthropologists have been equated metaphorically with fish that are learning to see the water in which they swim (Spindler, 1982). To the fish, the water usu.. ally is invisible. Similarly, the features of a culture are usually invisible, particu.. larly to those who live in that culture. Anthropologists and others who study culture set out explicitly to make its features visible. They believe that doing so promotes understanding of one's own culture and appreciation of the cultures of others. In the practical realm, moreover, cultural understanding provides a basis for evaluating the features of a particular culture in order to decide which ought to be preserved and which ought to be changed.