Language Language assumes a variety of forms – oral (listening and speaking), reading and writing. Children who lack phonological or phonemic awareness need practice with language sounds. Phonological experiences establish the basis for word-recognition skills. Phonological awareness refers to a child’s ability to use the sounds of language in spoken words. Children who have reading difficulties are not tuned in to the phoneme sounds of language and words. Beginner readers must be aware of phoneme sounds within words. The alphabet will be inaccessible if children do not perceive the sounds within words. There is a correlation between inadequate phonological awareness and poor reading in many alphabetically based languages. Phonological awareness can be taught and facilitates reading.