Vision impairment Vision impairment can be associated with learning difficulties. A child having difficulty with visual and spatial processing is likely to experience problems with learning. Visual impairment is a term that refers to any eye condition that is not improved by spectacles. Children with impaired vision (blindness) are unable to learn through imitation and observation, and even partially sighted children have to make a disproportionate effort and allow more time to process information through the use of various aids. Particular visual impairment difficulties include delays in motor skill development, the effective use of partial sight and the development of concepts. A particular child’s visual impairment can be affected by a number of factors such as the type of visual defect, the age it appears, prior learning experiences, access to learning aids and motivation.