The articular system
The human body is capable of a broad range of movements facilitated by the combined eff ects of the open-chain arrangement of the bones, the number of joints linking the bones, the different types of joints and the range of movement in the joints. Most joints allow a certain amount of movement and all joints transmit forces. Joints diff er in terms of the type and range of movement and the mechanism of force transmission; these diff erences are refl ected in the structure of the joints. This chapter describes the structure and functions of the various types of joint.