Transport is an essential enabler of our everyday activities. At the same time transport is a source of daily discomforts and societal hazards, manifested in the heavy congestion we face on our way to work, the poor air we breathe, the noise and vibration that keeps us awake at night, and – on a global scale – the acceleration of anthropogenic climate change. This book contributes to a growing list of literature that focuses on the link between transport, climate change and sustainability. By addressing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport, co-benefits on sustainability are realized. Furthermore, the book emphasizes the process of change towards sustainable low-carbon transport. It draws a vision of low-carbon transport systems and it provides the necessary toolbox to move towards this vision. The book aims to provide a concise reference for policymakers, transport planners, researchers, students and the general public on four key aspects: (1) an overview of current trends and drivers, together with an alternative vision of a more sustainable future; (2) a ‘toolkit’ of policies and measures that can be used to move towards low-carbon transport; (3) ways of measuring our progress in emission reduction; and (4) a comprehensive strategy to manage the required transition. The chapters of the book mirror these four aspects.