chapter  5
Strategies for Self-Regulation
Pages 19

Self-regulation as a general concept describes the body’s and mind’s ability to assess itself and the situation and decide what physiological or behavioral changes are needed to maintain homeostasis (Criswell, 1995). More accurately referred to as allostasis, Sapolsky (2004) noted this multifaceted process is very intricate, likely nonlinear, and can be affected by various internal changes and/or external behavioral adjustments. Self-regulation via allostasis requires assessment of the current state of the varied neurological, somatic, and autonomic systems; a survey of the immediate and anticipated environmental demands and stressors; and application of various internal and behavioral strategies for returning to a state of balance. Understanding the allostatic process assists in knowing there are many adaptive methods available in achieving homeostasis.