The prospects for, and the problems of, biased mediation
Mediators present the prospect of bringing armed conflicts to an end and resolving the basic contested issues at stake in civil wars. This is the basic rationale for why they attract our scholarly attention. This book has identified some of the conditions under which mediators can fulfill this potential. Through the use of ties that biased mediators have with one of the sides in the conflict, through protection of their side through core peace institutions, and through the commitment to stay engaged and guarantee peace after the agreements on peace institutions have been reached, biased mediators have been relatively more successful than unbiased mediators. This last chapter will lay out the basic conclusions that can be drawn from this book, elaborate on the issue of justice and biased mediation, discuss a set of questions that may be raised by a critical reader, and identify a set of interesting avenues for future research.