Discussion of membership of the ICRW/IWC means discussion of one of the most contentious issues in the context of whaling – and arguably even in international law generally. Allegations of blackmail, bribery, bullying, coercion and underhand tactics fly. In the initial decades of the IWC, adherence by new member states occurred slowly. The current moratorium on commercial whaling was the spur to the first of several rapid expansions of membership. Allied to the adherence of new members are questions of procedure and how voting should be done. These questions are not insignificant and merely procedural; the divisions and disputes over them go to the very heart of the impasse between pro-and anti-whaling states – and to the possibility of resolution of this impasse.