Gas shielded arc welding
Originally the process of gas shielded arc welding was evolved in America in 1940 for welding in the aircraft industry. It developed into the tungsten inertgas shielded arc process which in turn led to shielded inert-gas metal arc welding. The latter became established in this country in 1952. In the gas shielded arc process, heat is pro-
duced by the fusion of an electric arc maintained between the end of a metal electrode, either consumable or non-consumable, and the part to be welded, with a shield of protective gas surrounding the arc and the weld region. There are at present in use three different types of gas shielded arc welding:
Tungsten inert gas (TIG) – the arc is struck by a non-consumable tungsten electrode and the metal to be welded, and ﬁller metal is added by feeding a rod by hand into the molten pool.