This chapter draws conclusions from earlier chapters to present a profile of the mind-set of Irish policymakers in relation to economic development. In doing so it focuses on the prevailing attitudes rather than on specific personalities. It begins by identifying Ireland’s economic development strategy as revealed by its trajectory since 1970. This is followed by an audit of the current strengths and weaknesses of Irish economic development. The following section outlines the Irish system of government, which has a key role in framing the policymaker’s mind-set. Finally, the Irish policymaker’s mind-set is characterized as dissociative, in that there is an inherent disconnection between outward and inwardlooking policies.