chapter  1
17 Pages

Legitimacy and succession in Iranian history

Legitimacy and succession in Europe Government in Iran was arbitrary from ancient times. The ruler and the officials appointed by him were not, each according to his station, bound by any body of established rules and traditions, except the expediencies which were necessary to maintain them in power and authority, that is, to prevent their decline and demise. Thus, in principle, rulers and officials were not answerable for their actions except to the authorities above themselves, or – in the case of the ruler himself – to God, from whom he was believed to have received his dominion over the entire society.1