Review of key findings
Iceland and the other EFTA states have largely been left out of the Europeanization debate, which to date has favoured existing EU member states or non-members such as candidate countries or neighbours to the east. This study has sought to ﬁll this gap in the literature to some extent by exploring Iceland’s participation in the EU policy process through the EEA Agreement. This volume has adopted a relatively traditional Europeanization framework and applied it to a state which has a relationship with the EU that is quite distinct from that of a member state yet also very diﬀerent to a candidate or ENP country. The focus on Iceland thus aims to add new insights to the study of Europeanization, which can potentially lay the groundwork for subsequent studies. This chapter begins by reviewing the general assumptions, research questions and hypotheses posed at the beginning of the book and goes on to evaluate and analyze the key ﬁndings from the previous chapters. In general the ﬁndings conﬁrm the asymmetrical nature of the EU’s relations with non-member states, both in terms of uploading and downloading. In other words, the results of the case studies indicate that Iceland may be both less likely to upload its preferences and more likely to download EU policies than EU member states. Nonetheless, domestic conditions also appear to play an important role when it comes to the full national-level implementation of EU rules, and downloading can be subject to signiﬁcant delays.