chapter  4
Individual migration and place characteristics related to development in Venezuela
Pages 27

Another step forward concerns the measurement of development. Chapter Three delineated development characteristics on a qualitative basis-coupling shifts in the role of conventional migration factors with government-supported growth in commercial cattle production, expanded cacao and sugar cane production resulting from price increases in world markets, land consolidation related to government economic initiatives, completion of the Pan American Highway link between Costa Rica and Panama fomented by government and donor-nation actions, locational shifts in banana production resulting from the introduction of disease resistant varieties, and urbanization. Such occurrences represent the local manifestation of national policies, donor-nation actions, and/or

world economic conditions-exogenous forces that are foci of the book’s perspective on development.