The primary focus of previous chapters has been on an analysis of energy and environmental aspects of the period of the oil crisis. Most conclusions on these individual aspects have been drawn in these chapters themselves, often with a short review of their impact on European integration. In the following Conclusion to this book, the emphasis will be inverted and the main focus will be on European integration dynamics rather than individual aspects of the oil crisis.
A brief review of 1973 presented by the Commission President, FrançoisXavier Ortoli, oﬀers an interesting glimpse of the impact of the crisis on the EC and its Member States. With the admission, on 1 January, of Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom, the Community had seen its ﬁrst enlargement, from six to nine members. This event was bound to bring with it some change in the integration dynamic, and 1973 was originally foreseen as a year of adaptation, notably that entailed ensuring the full application of the Treaties in the new Member States. One example of the complexity of this objective is the Commission inspections, required by the Euratom Treaty, of nuclear materials held in all the facilities situated on the territories of the new members.1 1973 was also seen as a year of review of the achievements of European integration and its future course against that background.