chapter  5
34 Pages


WithDavid J. Cox

The punishment of offenders who were brought to justice was meted out in one of three main ways: corporal punishment and, usually reserved for less serious offences, short-term imprisonment or fines/seizure of property. The first of these varied from from detention in stocks or the pillory through public whippings to branding with a hot iron, transportation overseas or, for the most serious crimes, capital punishment in various forms (including posthumous punishment). Punishment in the eighteenth century, as we shall see, was overwhelmingly punitive, retributive and non-reformative.