chapter  3
The economics of maritime piracy
Pages 12

The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) records details of pirate attacks on shipping around  the world. On a global basis, 2010 appears  to be  the peak year  for 

piracy attacks  (“actual  and attempted  incidents”), when 445 were  reported. The  next year saw a small reduction, with a bigger drop in 2012 to 297.2 This downward  trend seems to have continued in 2013.3  “Personal violations” followed a similar  trend, with 1,270 in 2010 and 662 in 2012. In the earlier year  “hostage” was easily the largest category of violation, together with several cases of assault and injury,  and  eight  sailors were killed –  about  the  average  for  the period 2006  to 2010.4  Hijackings  and  hostage- taking  are  practiced  mainly  by  Somali  pirates  (Western  Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea); while in South East Asia (especially  Indonesia) piracy was primarily aimed at robbery. West Africa also contributes to  maritime piracy.