Reproductive Technologies and Lesbian Parents: An Unnatural Alliance?
This chapter explores the borderlands between 'natural' and 'unnatural' forms of procreation. Advances in techniques of assisted reproduction over the past three decades have provided new challenges to the traditional equation of marriage, heterosexual sex and procreation. Legislation has been introduced, fertility clinics offer their services to limited sections of the population, and debates about family values are prominent in political manoeuvrings. Lesbian parents are marginalized within all of these discourses, even though (or perhaps because) lesbians who wish to have children without heterosexual sex have to use some form of assisted reproduction in order to do so.