Surat District: Health, Illness, and Malaria
Surat District Situated in the southern part of Gujarat, Surat district is bounded by Valsad district in the south, Bharuch district in the north, and the Arabian Sea on the west. River Tapti is the major river, cutting across the district from the east to the west. On 2 October 2007 Surat district was divided into Surat and Tapi districts. For this study, however, we have treated the former Surat district as one administrative unit. The district has a total area of 7,657 sq. km divided into 15 talukas according to the 2001 census. The total population of the district was 49.96 lakh, constituting 10 per cent of the state’s population. The district had a population density of 653 persons per sq. km, which was high compared to 258 persons per sq. km in the state. The annual exponential growth rate of the district during 1991-2001 was 3.9 per cent, which was higher than that of the state (2 per cent). About 60 per cent of the population of the district lived in urban areas as compared to 38 per cent in the state. The sex ratio of the district was 835 females per 1,000 males, which was lower than that of the state average of 921. The literacy rate (population age 7+ years) of the district was 75 per cent, which was higher than the corresponding rate of the state (70 per cent). The literate were higher in the district viz. 82 per cent males and 67 per cent females. Surat district was at an advantageous position compared to the state as a whole in terms of literacy as well as the extent of urbanization.