Environmental management in China is dominated by state regulatory control. It is also biased towards dealing with the effects rather than the causes of environmental degradation. China’s historic legacy of large-scale engineering projects casts a looming shadow over its environmental planning and investment agenda. Nevertheless, this chapter will show that the Chinese government is moving towards a broader interpretation of environmental management that embraces regulations, legislation, economic incentives and, to a lesser degree, public participation. In effect, at least at the policy level, environmental reforms in China are increasingly aligned to international standards.