chapter  5
Ambiguity in psychoanalytic clinical work
Pages 67

An early scheme by K. Abraham in 1921 considered that in the course of development there are four fundamental stages, three in relation to different illnesses: the fi rst stage was the one from narcissism to autoerotism; the second was that of object love with a sadistic-anal organisation; the third was that of object love with a genital organization; the fourth corresponded to normality: object love with genital organisation, control of organic innervation and the capacity to deal with psychic stimuli. (Abraham, 1921, p. 325).