Engaging offenders with communities
People with offending histories are always already members of communities. They are connected to and networked with many different individuals, groups and organisations. While ofﬁ cially deemed an ‘offender’ and institutionally constrained as a ‘prisoner’, however, the notion of community tends to reference a generic conception – ‘the community’ – which refers to what the prisoner will ultimately end up back in. The logic of the prison is to separate the offender from the community. High walls and barbed wire reinforce this separation as physical manifestations of the functions of imprisonment and ‘carceral social zones’ (Ruggiero, 2012).