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Until the last decade of the 20th century, intellectual property law was a small branch of legal research and practice, focusing mainly on copyright , with a relatively small group of practitioners and a tiny segment of scholarly writings. The wider public was hardly aware of intellectual property (IP) altogether. The technological revolution of the Internet and accompanied technologies resulted in a huge increase in informational goods and intel lectual creations that became potential candidates for the protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). Parallel changes characterize patents , the value of which was increasingly acknowledged with the signifi cantly accelerated pace of technological advancement and the growing number of patent disputes.