Israeli Policy in Africa: Helmy Sharawi
The study oflsrael's relations with Africa was less attractive in the 1970s than it had been after the African independence movement and the challenges faced by the Arab liberation movement's struggle against imperialist forces. The Israeli infiltration into Africa during the struggles of the 1960s was a remarkable phenomenon. The extent of contemporary propaganda dealing with the infiltration process motivated many such studies until the differing circumstances of the 1970s changed the focus to Afro-Arab cooperation and solidarity (this drew attention from researchers with different views of the struggle). Responsible Arab agencies and Arab embassies in African capitals even lost interest in learning about the Israeli presence, when they did not merely deny it altogether.