chapter  4
38 Pages

A “top-down” look at effectiveness

The previous two chapters laid out the argument that Section 404 of the CWA establishes an intergovernmental regulatory program which, by design, creates indirect but indelible relationships between national and state government bureaucracies on issues regarding wetland fill activities. Further, they suggest the theoretical model of federalism best equipped to describe the nature of any of these relationships depends specifically upon the source of the participating state agency’s wetland regulatory authority. Finally, they hypothesized that the consequences of these intergovernmental relationships are expressed in the national government’s implementation of the 404 program, regardless of the model of federalism establishing them.