Rationale and History of Group Counseling
Group procedures in counseling and psycho-education have long been considered and used by counselors as an expedient method for meeting the needs of increasing client loads. Although efﬁciency in terms of saving counselor time often has been considered a major attraction of group counseling, research has shown that the use of groups for various educational and counseling functions provides advantages other than expediency (Erford 2011). Group counseling programs can provide individuals with the kinds of group experiences that help them learn to function effectively, to develop tolerance to stress and anxiety, and to ﬁnd satisfaction in working and living with others (Gazda et al. 2001).