Holistic Leadership Training
Although the development of group theory and leadership intervention styles has been reﬁned and differentiated greatly over the past thirty-ﬁve years, the early and classical leadership studies conducted by Lewin et al. (1939) and White and Lippitt (1968) provide a generic framework from which to evaluate group leadership. Essentially, they were looking at the dimension of group member participation in decision making. They identiﬁed three types of leadership for their studies: (1) authoritarian, (2) democratic, and (3) laissez-faire.