Introduction Hilary Janks
Texts are partial Spoken or oral texts are ﬂeeting unless we capture the words with written notes, a recorder or a video camera. In some situations talk can cause problems as without any recording there is no evidence of who said what. That is why in important meetings someone often takes minutes that later have to be ratiﬁed, that is agreed to, by everyone who was
at the meeting. Minutes become the ofﬁcial record of the meeting, even though they might capture only the decisions, rather than everything that was said. Minutes give us a version of the meeting. You can see this for yourself: next time you have a class meeting or a discussion, have several people take the minutes and then compare them. In what ways are they the same or different?