chapter  V
7 Pages

Enforcing the Right Not To Be Tortured

In the late eighties and early nineties, several important events occurred on the international level that transformed the enforceability of international criminal law (i.e. the laws that criminalize torture, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide). Th ose events were preceded by the collapse of the Soviet Union and communist or socialist regimes throughout Eastern and Central Europe, which brought the Cold War to an end. Other events occurring around this time included the end of apartheid in South Africa and transitions from military governments to civilian rule in Latin America and some other countries.