Some Problems in Phenomenological Sociology
I will begin this chapter with some general remarks about the difficulties encountered in doing sociological work. After these introductory reflections I focus upon phenomenological sociology to draw attention to the fact that this approach neglects or evades certain problems. If, for example, all accounts are valid, there is the problem of relativism, which leaves us impotent to make any act or decision. (On the other hand, if they are not equally valid, are we then entitled to impose our views on others? Can we be sure? History is littered with the corpses of those killed for what we would now call false beliefs.) I have selected three issues that I consider particularly important for discussion:
First, a question which is not usually examined within phenomenology, that of ideology and false-consciousness.