Government, industry and destination adaptation to climate change
The imperative for adaptation to climate change has advanced substantially within the scientiﬁ c community and moved higher up the UNFCCC and national policy agendas over the past decade. This is largely due to the limited progress on emissions reductions. As outlined in chapter 1, several recent assessments have concluded that if current global GHG emission trends continue, or even if the emission reduction commitments currently made by countries (at the time of writing) are successfully achieved, temperatures would exceed + 2 ° C average global warming by 2100 (Meinshausen et al . 2009 ; Parry et al. 2009a ; Anderson and Bows 2011 ), the level considered by many scientists and the Parties to the UNFCCC to represent ‘dangerous interference with the climate system’. Consequently, it is now widely recognized that all societies and economic sectors inevitability will need to adapt to unavoidable climate change in the decades ahead. Indeed, recent studies have suggested that society should be preparing to adapt to + 4 ° C global warming (Meinshausen et al . 2009 ; Parry et al . 2009a ).