chapter  4
The military in action
Pages 14

Recruitment, training, and education After the draft ended in 1973, recruitment of new members of the military required more time and energy than expected. One remedy was to gradually but significantly increase the percentage of women in the military from less than 2 to today’s 14 percent. If war is being waged, recruitment becomes more difficult. Another solution was to offer enlistment and reenlistment bonuses, which in some cases were as large as $40,000.1

The military does what it has to do: when necessary, it not only offers bonuses but lowers standards to meet its goals. However, it prefers to enlist physically and mentally fit high school graduates of good character and with a good credit rating. Recruiting is a full-time assignment and each recruiter is assigned a monthly goal.2 In difficult times that goal may be as low as one or two recruits a month.3 The goal is also likely to stipulate the expected number of men in comparison with women and the number for whom waivers may be given, for example, for someone without a high school degree or with some kind of court record.