chapter  5
22 Pages

Economic forces and suspicion: Historical materialism and critical theory

Marxism is a body of thought arising from the writings of the economist and philosopher Karl Marx and his collaborator Friedrich Engels. It presents a materialist philosophy of history and of nature, a theory of politics, and a system of political economy. Marx was considerably influenced by the philosophy of the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Particularly influential were Hegel’s notions of the dialectic and alienation. Among key concepts of Marxism are ‘alienation’,‘ideology’ and ‘commodity fetishism’.