chapter  1
21 Pages

Prospects of a Progressive Mental Health System in South Africa Before Apartheid: Tara Hospital and Psychobiology, c1939–1948

In 1946, a modern, innovative neuropsychiatric hospital opened on the outskirts of Johannesburg. Tara Hospital, renamed Tara, the H. Moross Centre in 1969, was the fi rst of its kind in South Africa. It was an open, therapeutic hospital that combined new notions of psychoanalytical, behaviorist, hereditarianist, and somatic approaches in the treatment of its patients. For the fi rst time, a mental hospital in South Africa claimed to off er promises of cures for previously neglected mental patients within a relatively hospitable environment.