chapter  1
14 Pages

The pre-evolutionary background and the roots of Scienti®c Racism

The Psychological story proper begins with the rise of Spencerian and Darwinian evolutionary theory in the 1850s, when Herbert Spencer and Darwin's cousin Francis Galton opened the Psychological discussion. This chapter is con®ned to identifying some relevant aspects of the topic's previous history, necessary for an understanding of Spencer's and Galton's views. For fuller coverage readers are referred to the numerous histories of the topic that have appeared in recent decades.1