This book takes a fresh look at the history of war reporting to understand how new technology, new ways of waging war and new media conditions are changing the role and work of today’s war correspondent.
Focusing on the mechanics of war reporting and the logistical and institutional pressures on correspondents, the book further examines the role of war propaganda, accreditation and news management in shaping the evolution of the specialism. Previously neglected conflicts and correspondents are reclaimed, and wars considered as key moments in the history of war reporting such as the Crimean War (1854-56) and the Great War (1914-18) are re-evaluated.
The use of objectivity as the yardstick by which to assess the performance of war correspondents is questioned. Rather emphasis is placed on war as a messy business which confronts reporters and photographers with conditions that challenge the norms of professional practice. References to the ‘demise of the war correspondent’ have accompanied the growth of the specialism since the days of the William Howard Russell, the so-called father of war reporting. This highlights the fragile nature of this sub-genre of journalism and that continuity as much as change characterises the work of the war correspondent.
A thematically organised, historically rich introduction, this book is ideal for students of journalism, media and communication.
INTRODUCTION: New history of war reporting
CHAPTER 1: War Correspondents: the changing identity of a sub–genre of journalism
CHAPTER 2: Crimean War (1854-5): the origins of a specialism
CHAPTER 3: ‘Golden Age of War Reporting’ (1854-1905): in the service of empire and nation
CHAPTER 4: The Great Wars (1905-1919): setting the terms of trade of war reporting
CHAPTER 5: War between the World Wars (1919-1939): subjective journalism and the ‘I’ generation
CHAPTER 6: The Great Patriotic War (1939-45): correspondents on team?
CHAPTER 7: The Korean War (1951-54) and Vietnam (1963-73): the power of pictures and images
CHAPTER 8: Gulf Wars (1991 and 2001): selling war
CHAPTER 9: War in the Balkans (1991-95): moral witnessing and the journalism of attachment
CHAPTER 10: Post 9/11 Conflict (2010-present): war reporting without war reporters