chapter  3
17 Pages

Society and politics

During the early twentieth century Britain was approaching the end of a ‘demographic transition’ from the high birth and death rates typical of pre-industrial society to the modern situation of low birth and death rates and relatively slow population growth. Population in England, at least, continued to grow, but at much slower rates than during the nineteenth century. In Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland the population total tended to stagnate (see Table 3.1).