chapter  6
20 Pages

PSYCHOANALYSIS AND MORAL CHARACTER: FREUD, LANE AND NEILL

In the work of Sigmund Freud – the founding father of psychoanalysis – we encounter what may well be the most significant academic contribution to the understanding of human psychology of the twentieth century. Moreover, like Darwin's theory of evolution and the social-economic views of Karl Marx, psychoanalytic theory – or at least some psychoanalytic terminology – has contributed to the conceptual currency of the modern world; non-academic lay people from all walks of life freely use without any sense of inhibition, terms drawn from the specialised vocabulary of psychoanalysis – repression, ego, unconscious, rationalisation and so on – though often, of course, in more or less a state of ignorance regarding the original context of such terms and of their precise meaning within that context.