chapter  3
The issue of a divided China
Pages 26

Background Every Chinese Communist leader since MAO Zedong has been trying to seize the Taiwan area as the ultimate prize. Whoever does it will remain in Chinese history forever. As early as February 1949, MAO, speaking to a high-ranking Soviet representative, Anastas I. Mikoyan, said how he would liberate Taiwan.1 In early March 1949, the slogan of liberating Taiwan was for the first time put forward by the CPC. In July 1949, MAO discussed with General ZHU De how to attack Taiwan. In December 1949, China became politically divided. In other words, Premier YAN Xishan flew to the provisional capital, Taipei, from Chongqing, the war-time capital of the ROC. Upon arrival, he said from today we would perform official duty (BanGong) here. Since then, periodically, tensions mount. In March 1996, the Chinese PLA launched unarmed ballistic missiles, which impacted waters off or flew over the ports of Kaohsiung and Jilong, when the voters in the Taiwan area were for the first time in Chinese history directly choosing their new president. However, China since December 1949 has never been legally divided, because the Constitution of the ROC up to this day has not changed to state that mainland China (including Hong Kong and Macao) is not part of the ROC2 and because the PRC still claims Taiwan Province. In any case, dialectically, China has not been divided for a second.