Truth and Truthfulness
In educating children, we want them to come to believe what is true and to make true statements, assertions, and claims about what they believe and congruently be able to detect where beliefs are false. Without detailed justiﬁ cation here, we want them to become truthful people, especially in being truthful to themselves and not being victims of self-deceit. While they will need to understand connections between what they believe and evidence for those beliefs, in order to judge whether something is true or not, we are also concerned with them as people with characteristics, dispositions, and a panoply of human attributes. Truth and truthfulness are therefore complementary in our educational understanding, and together they create trust between individuals, between individuals inside institutions, and between individuals outside those institutions, for example, customers and those institutions. Truthfulness is the linchpin of trust.