chapter  5
Networks
Pages 19

Governance networks bring civil society and private organizations together voluntarily to address environmental issues (Bäckstrand 2008). Within network governance, groups of stakeholders with vested interests in a decision form self-organizing networks that work together to achieve common goals and mutually beneficial outcomes (Rhodes 1996, Rhodes and Marsh 1992). Networks are seen as critical in implementing multilateral environmental agreements, because they utilize the existing resources of multiple actors, and avoid the impasses of multilateral action by simply bypassing reluctant national governments.