Projective identifi cation in the USA: an overview
I do not fi nd a center to the uses of projective identifi cation (PI) in the USA. The concept is being used as though it fi ts into whatever happens to be one’s established theory and mode of practice. Variations extend from Grotstein’s close adherence to Klein, Bion, and Meltzer to informal or improvisational applications in specifi c clinical instances. Some are not clearly different from Freud’s projection or from attribution, imitation, manipulation and persuasion.