chapter  6
9 Pages

The US–Japan security treaty and neutrality for North Korea

The chapters by Mansourov, Moltz, and Akaha reasonably argue that neutrality

of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) would require international

agreement involving guarantees by the United States, China, and Russia, as well

as endorsement of the Republic of Korea (ROK) and the cooperation of other

powers such as Japan. While having no quarrel with that statement, this chapter

argues that the key to stability in Northeast Asia both during the Cold War and

after has been the US-Japan security treaty and that, if North Korea seriously

proclaimed neutrality and demonstrated over time that it was carrying out the

duties of a neutral state, it would simultaneously remove one of the greatest short-

term threats to instability in Northeast Asia, and, by so doing, would bring itself

into harmony with the goals of the US-Japan alliance. The duties of a neutral

state would include: first, not taking up arms against another state, except to defend

itself; second, not aiding or encouraging the spread of biological, chemical or

nuclear weapons; third, not developing such weapons and/or others such as missile

delivery systems capable of reaching the ROK, Japan, and beyond; and, fourth,

not assuming treaty obligations which compromise its neutral status.