Racial theory and fascism, 1915–1935
In May 1915, Italy entered World War I. The decision to fight on the side of the Entente, which had already been fighting Germany and its allies for nine months, was made in the expectation that Italy would be rewarded with generous territorial concessions north and east of the Adriatic. Throughout the war Italy concentrated its struggle against neighboring Austria-Hungary, Germany’s chief ally. Since both countries were Germanic,1 anti-German and anti-Nordic sentiments reached a fever pitch in Italy during and immediately after the war.